AS ISO 3164 pdf download – Earth-moving machinery — Laboratory evaluations of protective structures — Specifications for deflection-limiting volume
This International Standard specifies the deflection limiting volume (DLV) to be used when performinglaboratory evaluations of structures which provide protection to operators of earth-moving machineryas defined in ISO 6165.
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and areindispensable for its application.For dated references,only the edition cited applies. For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 3411:2007，Earth-moving machinery – Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operatorspace envelope
ISO 5353:1995,Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry 一Seat index point
ISO 6165,Earth-moving machinery —Basic types — ldentification and terms and definitions
3Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.3.1
approximation of a large seated operator as defined in lSO 34113.1.1
DLV(3.1) that is an orthogonal approximation of an operatorNote 1 to entry: See Figure 1.
orthogonal DLV (3.1.1) with corners rounded to approximate the curvature of the operator (e.g.head, shoulders)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 184.108.40.206
orthogonal top head plane
270 mm by 330 mm rectangular horizontal surface used with the rounded DLV(3.1.2) to replicate thetop horizontal surface of the orthogonal DLV (3.1.1)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 3.
Note 2 to entry: This top head plane is to be used with the rounded DlV when testing a FOPS (falling-objectprotective structure).
seat index point
point on the central vertical plane of the seat as determined by ISO 5353
horizontal axis for positioning the DLV (3.1) with respect to the SIP (3.2)
4 DLV dimensions, use and accuracy
4.1 The dimensions of the orthogonal DLV shall be as shown in Figure 1 and the dimensions of the rounded DLV as shown in Figure 2.
4.2 The dimension from the SIP to the rear boundary of the DLV assumes that the seat has 150 mm fore–aft adjustment. The 210 mm dimension shall be reduced from 210 mm to 135 mm if the seat does not have any fore–aft adjustment. If the fore–aft seat adjustment is less than 150 mm, the 210 mm dimension shall be reduced by one half of the difference between 150 mm and the actual fore–aft seat adjustment.
4.3 ROPS (roll-over protective structure) and TOPS (tip-over protective structure) testing shall use either the rounded or the orthogonal DLV. FOPS (falling-object protective structure) testing shall use the orthogonal DLV or the rounded DLV with an added orthogonal top head plane.
4.4 During lateral loading for TOPS and ROPS testing, it is permissible for the upper portion of the DLV to be rotated laterally about the SIP up to 15° (see Table 1). During longitudinal loading for TOPS and ROPS testing, it is permissible for the upper portion of the DLV to be rotated forwards about the LA up to 15°. See the examples given in Figure 4. The portion below the SIP of the DLV does not rotate. If there is interference with any machine component, rotation of the DLV shall be limited to the angle at which the interference occurs.
4.5 All linear dimensions of the DLV shown in Figures 1 and 2 shall have a tolerance of ±5 mm. The accuracy of locating the DLV with respect to the SIP shall be ±13 mm, horizontally and vertically. The accuracy of the rotation shall be ±1°.
5 Location of DLV
5.1 The DLV shall be located using the SIP, as defined in ISO 5353, as the reference point (see Figures 1 and 2).
5.2 For machines which have multiple seat locations and therefore multiple SIPs (see ISO 5353:1995,5.3.3), the SIP used by the operator to move the machine in the travel mode shall be used.
5.3 The DLV shall be positioned so that the locating axis (LA) shown in Figure 1 passes through the SIP location as determined in 5.2. The DLV shall be centred transversely in the seat location with its principal axes horizontal and vertical (axes X′ and Z′ as defined in ISO 5353:1995, Figure 2).