AS ISO 7131 pdf download – Earth-moving machinery — Loaders — Terminology and commercial specifications
This International Standard establishes the terminology and content of commercial literaturespecifications for self-propelled crawler and wheeled loaders as defined in ISO 6165，with theirequipment and attachments, used in earth-moving operations.
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For datedreferences, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenceddocument ( including any amendments) applies.
ISO 3450,Earth-moving machinery – Braking systems of rubber-tyred machines – Systems and performancerequirements and test procedures
ISO 6014,Earth-moving machinery – Determination of ground speed
ISO 6016:2008,Earth-moving machinery – Methods of measuring the masses of whole machines, theirequipment and components
ISO 6165:2006, Earth-moving machinery – Basic types – ldentification and terms and definitionsISO 6746:2003 (all parts),Earth-moving machinery – Definitions of dimensions and codes
ISO 7457,Earth-moving machinery -Measurement of turning dimensions of wheeled machinesISO 9249,Earth-moving machinery – Engine test code – Net power
ISO 10265,Earth-moving machinery – Crawler machines – Performance requirements and test proceduresfor braking systems
IS0 14396,Reciprocating internal combustion engines – Determination and method for the measurement ofengine power -Additional requirements for exhaust emission tests in accordance with ISo 8178
ISO 14397-1，Earth-moving machinery – Loaders and backhoe loaders – Part 1: Calculation of ratedoperating capacity and test method for verifying calculated tipping load
ISO 14397-2,Earth-moving machinery – Loaders and backhoe loaders – Part 2:Test method for measuringbreakout forces and lift capacitymaximum lift height
3Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6165,ISO 6746 and thefollowing apply.
self-propelled crawler or wheeled machine which has front-mounted equipment primarily designed forloading operation (bucket useJ and which loads or excavates through forward motion of the machine
[SOURCE: ISO 6165:2006, definition 4.2]126.96.36.199
loader (3.1.1) having an operating mass (3.2.1) of 4 500 kg or less, designed to work in confined spaceswith the associated need for greater manoeuvrability
Note 1 to entry:The general term compact machine is defined in ISo 6188.8.131.52.2
skid steer loader
loader (3.1.1) which normally has an operator station between attachment-supporting structures andwhich is steered by using variation of speed, and/or direction of rotation between traction drives onthe opposite sides of a machine having fixed axles on wheels or tracks
[SOURCE: ISO 6165:2006, definition 4.2.2]
machine with a cab or canopy and operator-protective structures if required,without equipment orattachments but possessing the necessary mountings for such equipment and attachments
[SOURCE: ISO 6746-1:2003, definition 3.3]
Note 1 to entry: The machine will need to be provided with the necessary mountings to secure equipment andattachments (see Clause 5).
mass of the base machine (3.1.2), with equipment and empty attachment (3.3.1) in the most usualconfiguration as specified by the manufacturer, and with the operator (75 kg), full fuel tank and allfluid systems(i.e.hydraulic oil, transmission oil, engine oil, engine coolant) at the levels specified by themanufacturer and, when applicable, with sprinkler water tank(s) half full
Note 1 to entry: The mass of an operator is not included for non-riding machines.
Note 2 to entry: Ballast mass at delivery can be included if specified by the manufacturer.[SOURCE: ISO 6016:2008, definition 3.2.1]
mass of the base machine without an operator, and with fuel level at 10 % of tank capacity or with theminimum fuel level needed for machine shipping purposes as specified by the manufacturer, whicheveris higher, with all fluid systems at the levels specified by the manufacturer, and with empty sprinklertank(s), if required, and with or without equipment， ballast， attachment, cab， canopy，operator-protective structures, wheels and counterweights as stated by the manufacturer
Note 1 to entry: If the manufacturer intends that the machine be partially disassembled for shipping purposes,the masses of the disassembled items will also be stated.
[SOURCE: ISO 6016:2008, definition 3.2.6]