ISO 15818 pdf download Earth-moving machinery — Lifting and tying-down attachment points — Performance requirements
This document specifies the performance requirements for the lifting and tying-down attachmentpoints of earth-moving machinery as defined in Iso 6165.
This document also applies to components and subassemblies of earth-moving machinery whichthe manufacturer intends to be lifted or tied down separately by using lifting or tying-downattachment points.
NOTE1 Some components (e.g.tyres, tyres with wheels, track shoe assemblies, hydraulic cylinders) can besecurely tied down without specific tying-down attachment points.
This document applies to the following modes of transport:- lifting with cranes (e.g. mobile cranes,gantry cranes);- road transport (e.g.truck, trailer);
– rail transport, including combined transport (e.g. wagons with containers, swap-bodies, semi-
– sea transport.lt is not applicable to
– airlift or transport by air, or
-rail transport of machines on wagons subject to shunting.NOTE 2 National or local regulations can be more stringent.
This document does not include requirements for attaching the machine to a platform of the rail car,boat, etc., from which the machine is intended to work.
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and areindispensable for its application.For dated references,only the edition cited applies.For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendmentsJ applies.
ISO 2867,Earth-moving machinery — Access systems
IS0 6165,Earth-moving machinery — Basic types — ldentification and terms and definitions
ISO 6405-1，Earth-moving machinery — Symbols for operator controls and other displays — Part 1:Common symbols
ISO 7000,Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 6165 and the following apply.
lifting attachment point
device fitted on,or incorporated into, an earth-moving machine,used for lifting the machine ordisassembled unit
Note 1 to entry: The attachment point can be a hole, a lifting eye or any specific part of the machine as specifiedby the manufacturer.
combination of materials (e.g. shackles,wire ropes,slings, chains) used for lifting the machine ordisassembled unit
tying-down attachment point
device fitted on, or incorporated into, an earth-moving machine,used for tying down when transportingthe machine or disassembled unit
Note 1 to entry: The attachment point can be a hole, a tying-down eye or any specific part of the machine asspecified by the manufacturer.
combination of materials (e.g. chains,wire ropes, shackles, bracing, wheel chocks) used for tying downand fastening when transporting a machine or disassembled unit
assembly of slinging components, such as chains, wire ropes or textile material joined to upper or lowerterminals, suitable for attaching to a lifting attachment point (3.1)
machine lifting configuration
manufacturer’s recommended position of the machine for lifting3.7
machine tying-down configuration
manufacturer’s recommended position of the machine for transport
3.8 Masses for calculation
mass of each disassembled unit
mass of each unit of a machine (e.g.component, subassembly, base machine) that is disassembled fortransport
Note 1 to entry: It is used for calculating forces exerted on lifting attachment points (3.1) or tying-down attachmentpoints (3.3) of the unit.
whole machine mass for calculation
mass of the machine, including the heaviest combination of cab, canopy, operator-protective structures,if any, with all their components and mountings, and any combination of equipment and attachmentapproved by the manufacturer of the machine, including full-liquid systems excluding payloads
Note 1 to entry: It is used for calculating forces exerted on lifting attachment points(3.1) or tying-down attachmentpoints ( 3.3) of the whole machine.
distributed lifting force
force applied onto each lifting attachment point (3.1) from lifting equipment through lifting accessories(3.2) during lifting
Note 1 to entry:The distributed lifting force magnitude and direction can be different for each lifting attachmentpoint due to unequal distribution of loads and non-vertical lifting accessories.
distributed tying-down forcerestraining force
force potentially applied onto each tying-down attachment point (3.3) from transport vehicle throughtying-down accessories (3.4) during transport
working load limitWLL
maximum load (mass) that the lifting accessory (3.2) is designed to lift under the conditions specified bythe manufacturer