AS ISO 7134 pdf download Earth-moving machinery — Graders — Terminology and commercial specifications
This International Standard establishes terminology and the content of commercial literaturespecifications for graders and their equipment.
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and areindispensable for its application.For dated references,only the edition cited applies.For undatedreferences, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 5010,Earth-moving machinery —Rubber-tyred machines — Steering requirements
ISo 6746-1,Earth-moving machinery —Definitions of dimensions and codes —Part 1: Base machineISO 6746-2，Earth-moving machinery —Definitions of dimensions and codes — Part 2: Equipmentand attachments
ISO 7457,Earth-moving machinery —Determination of turning dimensions of wheeled machines
ISO 15550:2002, Internal combustion engines —Determination and method for the measurement of enginepower – General requirements
3Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IlS0 6746-1 and IS0 6746-2, andthe following apply.
self-propelled wheeled machine with an adjustable blade positioned between the front and rear axles,which can be equipped with a front-mounted blade or scarifier that can also be located between thefront and rear axles
[SOURCE: SOURCE:ISO 6165:2012,4.8]3.1.2
grader without equipment, as described by the manufacturer’s specifications, but provided with thenecessary mountings to secure the attachments
set of components mounted onto the base machine to fulfil the primary design function3.1.4
optional assembly of components that can be mounted onto the base machine for a specific use3.1.5
part or an assembly of parts of a base machine, equipment or an attachment
mass of the base machine, equipment specified by the manufacturer, operator (75 kg), full fuel tank andfull lubricating, hydraulic and cooling systems
mass of the base machine without operator, with full lubricating, hydraulic and cooling systems,10 %of fuel tank capacity and with or without equipment, cab, canopy and/or operator protective structure,as stated by the manufacturer
cab [canopy] [ROPS][FOPS] mass
mass of cab canopy] [ROPS (roll-over operator protective structure)] [FOPS (falling-object operatorprotective structure)] with all components and mountings required to secure it to the base machine
power obtained on a test bed at the end of the crankshaft or its equivalent, at the corresponding enginespeed, with the equipment and auxiliaries listed in IS0 15550:2002, Table 1, column 2,and required incolumn 3 (fitted for engine net power test)
Note 1 to entry: lIf the power measurement can only be carried out with a mounted gearbox, the losses in thegearbox should be added to the measured power to give the net engine power.
[SOURCE:ISO 15550:2002,188.8.131.52, modified.]
maximum travel speed
maximum speed that can be obtained on hard level surfaces in each of the forward and reverse gearratios available
3.4Attachments (for dimensions,see Annex B)3.4.1
mechanism having teeth for penetrating and loosening to shallow depths materials such as earth,asphalt and gravel roads, and similar surfaces
Note 1 to entry: The scarifier may be located on the grader ahead of the front wheels or between front andrear wheels.
attachment consisting of a frame connected to the rear part of the base machine by means of amounting bracket
Note 1 to entry: It is equipped with one or more teeth.
4 Base machine
4.1 Types of graders
Graders shall be classified according to the following attributes.
4.1.1 Undercarriage — Number of wheels
A grader may have
— four (see Figure 1), or
— six (see Figure 2)
4.1.2 Number of engines
Graders have a single engine. See Figure 3.
Figure 3 — Grader with single engine
4.1.3 Engine location
The grader’s engine may be located
— at the front (see Figure 4), or
— the rear (see Figure 5).
Figure 4 — Grader with front engine
Figure 5 — Grader with rear engine
4.1.4 Steering system
The system may be
— front-wheel steer (see Figure 6), or
— front-wheel and articulated-frame steer (see Figure 7).
4.1.5 Drive system
The drive system may be
— two-wheel-drive (see Figure 8),
— four-wheel-drive (see Figure 9), or
— six-wheel-drive (see Figure 10).